伊朗改革派

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改革派
精神領袖穆罕默德·哈塔米[1]
議長穆罕默德·禮薩·阿雷夫[2]
議會黨團Hope fraction
意识形态大帳篷[3]
Reformism
Post-Islamism[4]
Republicanism[5]
Islamic democracy[6]
Islamic liberalism[6]
政治立场大帳篷
宗教信仰伊斯蘭教
伊朗政治
政党 · 选举
改革派席次
行政機關
總統Reformist-backed[7]
內閣
7 / 18 (39%)
副總統
5 / 12 (42%)
議會
說明No
席次[a]
103 / 290 (36%)
司法機構
司法總監No
地位No control[9]
監督機構
專家會議[b]
17 / 88 (19%)
憲法監護委員會No control[9]
國家利益委員會Minority[12]
城鄉議會
Tehran
21 / 21 (100%)
Mashhad
15 / 15 (100%)
Isfahan
12 / 13 (92%)
Karaj
12 / 13 (92%)
Qom
0 / 13 (0%)
Shiraz
12 / 13 (92%)
Tabriz
8 / 13 (62%)
Yazd
6 / 11 (55%)
Zahedan
11 / 11 (100%)
Rasht
4 / 9 (44%)

伊朗改革派波斯語اصلاح‌طلبان‎,转写:Eslâh-Talabân)是在伊朗政治派別支持前總統穆罕默德·哈塔米的改變伊朗政治制度的計劃,包括更多的自由民主

伊朗的“改革時代”有時說已持續了從1997年到辦公室哈塔米的兩屆的2005年的長度。所述的理事會協調改革前是運動內部的主要保護傘組織和聯盟;但是,有些改革派團體與理事會不符,例如“ 改革派陣線”。

背景[编辑]

第二霍達德運動通常不僅指改革陣線的18個團體和政黨的聯盟,還指支持1997年哈塔米改革計劃的任何其他人。哈塔米和該運動的思想基礎是伊斯蘭民主。

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Reformists have not officially announced the number of the members affiliated with their own Hope fraction. 103 is number of the members of the parliament who voted for Mohammad Reza Aref for the interim speaker of the parliament in 2016.[8]
  2. ^ In all, reformist-backed candidates won 52 seats in the elections, however, not all of them are reformists.[10] According to Hossein Mousavian, the centrist/reformist share is 19 percent of the seats.[11]
  1. ^ Rohollah Faghihi, Spiritual leader of Iranian Reformists backs Rouhani, Al-Monitor, 3 May 2017 [25 May 2017] 
  2. ^ Mehrnaz Samimi, Iran's New Parliament: Fewer Clerics, More Women, Atlantic Council, 4 May 2016 [25 May 2017] 
  3. ^ Scott Peterson, On eve of Iran anniversary, talk of compromise, MinnPost, 9 February 2009 [30 April 2016] 
  4. ^ Badamchi, Meysam. Post-Islamist Political Theory: Iranian Intellectuals and Political Liberalism in Dialogue. Philosophy and Politics - Critical Explorations 5. Springer. 2017: 3. ISBN 9783319594927. 
  5. ^ Mohseni, Payam. Factionalism, Privatization, and the Political economy of regime transformation. (编) Brumberg, Daniel; Farhi, Farideh. Power and Change in Iran: Politics of Contention and Conciliation. Indiana Series in Middle East Studies. Indiana University Press. 2016: 201–204. 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Ahmad Ashraf and Ali Banuazizi, Iran's Tortuous Path Toward "Islamic Liberalism", International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society, 2001, 15 (2): 237–256, doi:10.1023/A:1012921001777 
  7. ^ Laura Secor, The Patient Resilience of Iran's Reformers, The New York Times, 22 May 2017 [15 August 2017] 
  8. ^ Reformists Eye Control of Majlis Presiding Board, Financial Tribune, 25 May 2017 [25 May 2017] 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Freedom in the World: Iran, Freedom House, 2017 [25 May 2017], (原始内容存档于2017-05-17) 
  10. ^ Rohani, Reformist Allies Win Control Of Iran's Powerful Assembly Of Experts, RFE/RL, 29 February 2016 [25 May 2017] 
  11. ^ Hossein Mousavian, The new Iranian Parliament is loyal to Leader but advocating for Rouhani, IRNA, 3 March 2016 [25 May 2017], 81989099 
  12. ^ Iran conservatives tighten grip on top oversight body, Agence France-Presse (Yahoo), 14 August 2017 [14 August 2017], (原始内容存档于2019-02-21)