各国外债列表

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各国外债示意图(基于CIA世界概况》2005年数据)

以下列出世界各國的外債概況,債務人包括政府、企業或個人。

排名 国家与地区 外债
(美元)[1]
外债资料日期 人均外债 (美元)[2][3][4][5] GDP百分比 (%)[6][7][8]
1  美國 1.7997889181468×10^13 7 December 2014 58,437 106
2  英國 9.590995×10^12 31 March 2014 160,158 406
3  德國 5.546869×10^12 31 March 2014 68,720 145
4  法國 5.750152×10^12 31 March 2014 86,317 222
5  日本 2.861488×10^12 31 March 2014 24,000 60
6  荷蘭 2.526895×10^12 31 March 2014 226,503 316
7  卢森堡[note 1] 3.472282×10^12 31 March 2014 3,696,467 3,443
8  義大利 2.651413×10^12 31 March 2014 est. 43,621 124
9  西班牙 2.305648×10^12 31 March 2014 52,045 97
10  愛爾蘭 2.3967288631×10^12 30 September 2014 52,227 103
11  中华人民共和国 2.0946×10^12 31 March 2020[9] 1317 15
12  澳大利亚 1.395638×10^12 31 March 2014 est. 52,596 95
13  比利時 1.286918×10^12 31 March 2014 113,603 266
14  瑞士 1.610897×10^12 31 March 2014 154,063 229
15  加拿大 1.337445×10^12 31 March 2014 est. 29,625 64
16  瑞典 1.145785×10^12 31 March 2014 91,487 187
17  奥地利 8.2001×10^11 31 March 2014 90,128 200
18  挪威 7.37118×10^11 31 March 2014 131,220 141
19  俄羅斯聯邦 5.99819×10^11 31 March 2014 3,634 23
20  丹麥 5.93221×10^11 31 March 2014 101,084 180
21  希臘 5.7492×10^11 31 March 2014 47,636 174
22  芬兰 1.397×10^11 24 March 2015 25,627 94
23  葡萄牙 5.488×10^11 30 June 2011 47,835 223
24  韩国 4.25353×10^11 31 March 2014 est. 7,567 37
25  巴西 4.283×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 1,608 15
26  土耳其 3.86786×10^11 30 June 2014 5,114 48
27  印度 4.559×10^11 31 September 2014 est. 1,626 22.795
28  墨西哥 3.529×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 1,956 20
29  瑞典 3.26×10^11 20 January 2014 6,586 47
 新加坡 3.42653551913×10^11 15 March 2019[10] 56,436.87 92.7
30  印尼 2.512×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 837 28
 马来西亚 2.30870491803×10^11 15 March 2015[10] 7,829.11 63.7
31  匈牙利 2.02×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 14,821 115
臺灣 臺灣 1.89873×10^11 31 December 2020[11] 7,394.78 35.5
 波多黎各 1.674×10^11 31 January 2015 est. 47,828 164
32  阿联酋 1.638×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 24,273 41
33  卡塔尔 1.37×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 41,988 55
34  沙烏地阿拉伯 1.34×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 3,176 19
36  羅馬尼亞 1.321×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 5,082 67
37  烏克蘭 1.42×10^11 31 March 2014 est. 2,995 81
38  冰島[12][13] 9.787×10^10 31 December 2014 362,942 999
39  泰國 1.40065×10^11 31 March 2014 est. 1,292 26
40  賽普勒斯 1.065×10^11 31 December 2011 est. 37,812 129
41  委內瑞拉 1.057×10^11 [14] 31 December 2012 1,906 19
42  哈萨克斯坦 1.055×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 6,060 68
43  以色列 9.5019×10^10 31 March 2014 est. 12,070 42
44  智利 1.021×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 5,867 38
46  新西蘭 9.023×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 52,300 126
47  捷克 1.08067×10^11 31 March 2014 est. 8,260 45
48  南非 1.375×10^11 31 December 2012 est. 1,613 23
49  哥伦比亚 8.514×10^10 31 July 2013 est. 1,269 20
50  斯洛伐克 6.844×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 10,926 68
51  巴基斯坦 6.7×10^10 21 May 2013 est. 366 30
52  克罗地亚 6.425×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 13,519 99
53  斯洛維尼亞 6.123×10^10 30 June 2011 25,555 47.6
54  菲律賓 5.85×10^10 30 December 2013 est. 636 32
55  伊拉克 5.0268×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 1,641 64
56  馬爾他 4.879×10^10 30 June 2011 14,233 72
57  埃及 4.876×10^10 31 December 2013 est. 391 14
58  保加利亚 3.7915×10^10 31 December 2014 est. 6,261 90
59  越南 6.838×10^10 31 December 2013 est. 379 32
60  苏丹 3.97×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 946 55
61  秘魯 5.259×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 1,126 22
62  孟加拉国 3.621×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 149 23
63  拉脫維亞 3.534×10^10 31 December 2012 18,527 146
64  黎巴嫩 3.264×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 8,815 88
65  塞爾維亞 3.26×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 4,178 80
66  立陶宛 3.284×10^10 31 December 2012 9,995 80
67  摩洛哥 2.942×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 712 22
68  科威特 2.821×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 15,754 43
69  巴林 2.527×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 13,261 65
70  突尼西亞 2.449×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 1,779 42
71  斯里蘭卡 2.282×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 881 36
72  古巴 2.236×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 1,780 34
73  爱沙尼亚 2.2228×10^10 31 December 2013 16,944 87
74  厄瓜多尔 2.003×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 995 25
75  安哥拉 1.965×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 944 21
76  巴哈马 1.668×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 1,067 6
77  多米尼加 1.658×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 1,162 25
78  摩納哥[note 2] 1.65×10^10 31 June 2010 est. 471,428 240
79  危地马拉 1.617×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 1,216 42
80  牙买加 1.46×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 4,660 92
81  巴拿马 1.313×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 3,927 52
82  薩爾瓦多 1.284×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 1,953 53
83  朝鲜 3×10^9 2012 est. 544
84  哥斯达黎加 1.204×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 1,874 24
85  乌拉圭 1.161×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 3,989 33
86  加纳 1.123×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 274 21
87  坦桑尼亚 1.118×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 183 33
88  乌兹别克斯坦 1.046×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 150 11
89  奈及利亞 1.01×10^10 31 December 2012 est. 71 5
90  衣索比亞 9.956×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 51 14
91  阿曼 9.768×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 2,962 16
92  肯尼亚 3.624×10^9 31 March 2014 est. 200 25
93  伊朗 9.452×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 170 4
94  波黑 9.051×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 2,052 48
95  叙利亚 8.818×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 373 13
96  约旦 8.345×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 903 20
97  格鲁吉亚 8.688742×10^9 31 December 2012 1,940 54.8
98  刚果民主共和国 7.644×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 197 122
99  刚果共和国 7.644×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 1,722 155
100  辛巴威 6.975×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 609 103
101  馬其頓 6.74×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 2,668 60
102  葉門 6.726×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 293 23
103  亞美尼亞 6.435×10^9 31 December 2012 1,584 56
104  巴拉圭 5.714×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 382 13
105  玻利维亚 5.604×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 275 15
106  老挝 5.599×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 900 91
107  緬甸 5.448×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 117 17
108  尚比亞 5.445×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 264 22
109  阿尔巴尼亚 5.281×10^9 31 December 2012 882 23
110  尼加拉瓜 5.228×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 693 62
111  摩尔多瓦 5.167×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 1,296 79
112  柬埔寨 5.071×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 304 37
113  利比亞 5.278×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 972 9
114  洪都拉斯 4.884×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 465 23
115  莫桑比克 4.88×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 231 50
117  巴布亚新几内亚 4.86×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 238 16
118  千里達及托巴哥 4.78×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 3,502 21
119  科特迪瓦 4.742×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 527 51
120  巴巴多斯 4.49×10^9 2010 est. 2,456 22
121  阿尔及利亚 4.344×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 115 3
122  纳米比亚 4.204×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 1,131 20
123  乌干达 4.126×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 85 17
124  塞内加尔 4.117×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 296 30
125  阿塞拜疆 4.042×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 8,513 6
126  尼泊爾 3.774×10^9 31 December 2011 161 35
127  吉尔吉斯斯坦 3.666×10^9 31 December 2012 699 81
128  喀麦隆 3.343×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 164 15
129  模里西斯 2.942×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 3,937 52
130  索馬利亞 2.942×10^9 31 December 2010 est. 386
131  塔吉克斯坦 2.771×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 262 35
132  加彭 2.758×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 1,587 18
133  马里 2.725×10^9 31 December 2012 254 88
134  几内亚 2.652×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 305 68
135  马达加斯加 2.631×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 140 36
136  布吉納法索 2.442×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 136 23
137  蒙古 2.07×10^9 31 December 2011 686 41
138  博茨瓦纳 1.968×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 1,208 16
139  乍得 1.749×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 160 21
140  伯利兹 1.457×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 3,079 75
141  塞舌尔 1.453×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 15,614 147
142  尼日尔 1.451×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 178 79
143  阿富汗 1.28×10^9 FY10/11 92 22
144  不丹 1.275×10^9 2011 1,193 64
145  圭亚那 1.234×10^9 31 December 2010 1,049 42
146  赤道几内亚 1.232×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 634 6
147  马拉维 1.214×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 77 24
148  蒙特內哥羅 1.2×10^9 2011 est. 939 24
149  几内亚比绍 1.095×10^9 31 December 2010 est. 722 259
150  白俄羅斯 1.067×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 2,629 45
151  巴勒斯坦 1.04×10^9 2010 est. 414
152  厄立特里亚 1.026×10^9 31 December 2012 est. 195 58
153  馬爾地夫 1.015×10^9 2011 est. 2,947 50
154  贝宁 953,500,000 31 December 2012 est. 308 43
 法罗群岛 888,800,000 2010
155  海地 854,700,000 31 December 2012 est. 36 5
156  塞拉利昂 827,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 340 61
157  吉布提 802,900,000 31 December 2012 est. 573 56
158  佛得角 741,300,000 31 December 2012 est. 714 52
159  斯威士兰 737,300,000 31 December 2012 est. 428 14
160  賴索托 715,400,000 31 December 2012 est. 255 30
161  冈比亚 545,800,000 31 December 2012 est. 306 50
162  格瑞那達 538,000,000 2010 est. 3,402 74
163  苏里南 504,300,000 2005 est. 1,011 28
164  科摩罗 485,400,000 31 December 2010 est. 430 115
 阿鲁巴 478,600,000 2005 est. 4,935 21
165  圣卢西亚 471,400,000 31 December 2012 est. 1,586 32
166  中非 469,500,000 31 December 2012 est. 270 68
167  安地卡及巴布達 458,000,000 June 2010 4,388 36
168  土库曼斯坦 428,900,000 31 December 2012 est. 978 25
169  利比里亚 400,300,000 31 December 2012[15] 65 22
170  聖多美和普林西比 316,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 2,193 349
171  瓦努阿圖 307,700,000 31 December 2012 est. 389 22
172  斐济 268,000,000 31 December 2012 est. 150 5
173  多米尼克 253,800,000 31 December 2012 est. 3,000 75
174  圣文森特和格林纳丁斯 252,200,000 31 December 2012 est. 4,477 85
175  萨摩亚 235,500,000 31 December 2009 est. 968 47
176  布隆迪 231,700,000 31 December 2012 167 202
177  圣基茨和尼维斯 189,100,000 31 December 2012 est. 6,408 79
178  所罗门群岛 166,000,000 2004 355 44
 百慕大 160,000,000 FY99/00 2,575 5
179  庫克群島 141,000,000 1996 est. 7,756
180  汤加 118,600,000 31 December 2012 est. 799 33
181  马绍尔群岛 87,000,000 2008 est. 1,377 54
 新喀里多尼亞 79,000,000 1998 est. 385 3
 开曼群岛 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,078 7
182  密克羅尼西亞聯邦 60,800,000 FY05 est. 556 25
 格陵兰 36,400,000 2010 1,035 5
183  瑙鲁 33,300,000 2004 est.
184  基里巴斯 10,000,000 1999 est. 120 14
 蒙特塞拉特 8,900,000 1997
 安圭拉 8,800,000 1998
 瓦利斯和富图纳 3,670,000 2004
185  纽埃 418,000 2002 est.
 澳門 0 2010 0 0
 英屬維爾京群島 0 2012
187  文莱 0 2011 0 0
188  列支敦斯登 0 2005 0 0
190  帛琉 0 2000 0 0

注释[编辑]

  • Per capita debt is based upon the total debt (column 3 - estimated as of the date in column 4) divided by the population as of the date in the last column.
  1. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets.[1]页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆) Luxembourg is a net creditor country.
  2. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets.[2]页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆) Meaning Monaco could potentially be a net creditor.

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Debt - external页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on the 29th of June 2011.
  2. ^ World Development Indicators页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), World Bank. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda, Chad, Cyprus, Eritrea, Greenland, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.
  3. ^ Total Midyear Population页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base, accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Aruba, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, Cuba, North Korea, Marshall Islands, Montenegro, Samoa, Somalia, Trinidad and Tobago and West Bank.
  4. ^ The World Factbook - European Union页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), Central Intelligence Agency,accessed on June 29, 2011.
  5. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  6. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Afghanistan, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Fiji, Georgia, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Iceland, Kiribati, Liberia, Mali, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nepal, Niger, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Tonga and Vanuatu.
  7. ^ .World Development Indicators页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), World Bank. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Chad, Cyprus, Eritrea, Greenland, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.
  8. ^ GDP (official exchange rate)页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 29, 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  9. ^ 中国外债. [2020-08-28]. (原始内容存档于2020-07-17). 
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 存档副本. [2015-04-18]. (原始内容存档于2018-02-11). 
  11. ^ 存档副本 (PDF). [2015-07-14]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2019-04-12). 
  12. ^ Central Bank of Iceland. External debt Q2/2009. 2009-09-03 [2009-11-22]. (原始内容存档于2009-11-19). 
  13. ^ Statistics Iceland. Gross domestic product 2008 – Revision. 2008-09-11 [2009-11-22]. (原始内容存档于2009-11-13). 
  14. ^ La Deuda Externa Aumenta 8 Y Se Ubica En 105 Mil Millones - Economia. El Universal. [2013-10-18]. (原始内容存档于2019-01-05) (西班牙语). 
  15. ^ Second Quarter Public Debt Management Report October 1-December 31, 2011 (PDF). Liberian Ministry of Finance Debt Management Unit. [2012-06-21]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2012-06-19). 

外部链接[编辑]

参见[编辑]