拉奈島

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拉奈島(Lāna`i)
綽號:The Pineapple Isle
LanaiLandsat.jpg
拉奈島的衛星畫像
地理
Location of 拉奈島(Lāna`i)
位置20°50′N 156°56′W / 20.833°N 156.933°W / 20.833; -156.933
面積364平方公里(141平方英里)
面积排名夏威夷第六大島嶼
最高海拔1,026米(3,366英尺)
最高點Lānaʻihale
管轄
美國
象征
Kaunaʻoa (菟絲子屬 sandwichiana)
颜色ʻĀlani (橙色)
人口统计
人口3,131(2010)
人口密度8.6人/平方公里(22.3人/平方英里)

拉奈島夏威夷语Lānaʻi {{[laːˈnɐʔi,naːˈnɐʔi]}},英語:Lanai /lɑːˈn, ləˈnɑːi/)是夏威夷群島的第六大島,也是其中有公共交通可達的最小的有人定居的島嶼[1]。由於過去它有著全島範圍的鳳梨種植園,因此俗稱鳳梨島[2]。島上唯一的城市是拉奈市

拉奈島是一個大致呈撇號形狀的島,沿最長方向的寬度為29公里(18英里)。土地面積為364平方公里(141平方英里),是美國第42大島[3]。它的北面隔著海峽與摩洛凱島相望,東邊則是茂宜島。它的總人口從2000年人口普查的3,193人[4],減少到2010年的3,131人[5][6]

2012年6月,甲骨文公司創辦人拉里·埃里森以5至6億美元買下拉奈島98%的土地所有權[7]。其餘2%土地則仍屬於夏威夷州政府和部分私人住宅擁有者[8][9]

拉奈島上有一所學校,包含從幼兒園到12年級。拉奈市有一家醫院,有24張病床,還有一個社區保健中心,提供初級保健、牙科、行為健康和專業服務[10][11]。全島沒有紅綠燈。

  1. ^ Oracle's Ellison to buy, invest in Hawaii's Lanai - latimes.com. (原始内容存档于June 24, 2012). 
  2. ^ https://www.businessinsider.com/9-crazy-facts-about-lanai-2014-9/?IR=T
  3. ^ Table 5.08 - Land Area of Islands: 2000 (PDF). State of Hawaii. 2004 [2007-07-23]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2012-02-29). 
  4. ^ U.S. Census website. United States Census Bureau. 2010-10-05 [2013-06-17]. (原始内容存档于2020-08-20). 
  5. ^ Lanai city (PDF). State of Hawaii. [November 17, 2011]. 
  6. ^ Manele CDP (PDF). Hawaii Government. 2010 [March 26, 2020]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于February 15, 2017). 
  7. ^ Mooallem, Jon. Larry Ellison Bought an Island in Hawaii. Now What?. The New York Times Magazine. September 23, 2014 [1 December 2017] –通过www.nytimes.com. At a public meeting on Lanai last year, an Ellison representative explained that his boss wasn’t drawn to the island by the potential for profits but by the potential for a great accomplishment — the satisfaction one day of having made the place work. For Ellison, it seemed, Lanai was less like an investment than like a classic car, up on blocks in the middle of the Pacific, that he had become obsessed with restoring. He wants to transform it into a premier tourist destination and what he has called “the first economically viable, 100 percent green community”: an innovative, self-sufficient dreamscape of renewable energy, electric cars and sustainable agriculture. 
  8. ^ NAGOURNEY, ADAM. On Lanai, Tiny Hawaiian Island, a New Owner. The New York Times. August 22, 2012 [1 December 2017] –通过www.nytimes.com. 
  9. ^ Au-Yeung, Angel. Exclusive: Larry Ellison Reveals His Big Data Battle Plan To Fight Coronavirus In Partnership With Trump White House. Forbes. [2020-04-01] (英语). 
  10. ^ Lanai Community Hospital Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  11. ^ Lanai Community Health Center Retrieved 30 June 2017.