格雷戈里夫人

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Augusta, Lady Gregory
Lady gregory.jpg
出生Isabella Augusta Persse
(1852-03-15)1852年3月15日
愛爾蘭戈尔韦郡罗克斯伯勒
逝世1932年5月22日(1932-05-22)(80歲)
愛爾蘭戈爾韋郡戈特英语Gort
墓地戈尔韦
国籍愛爾蘭
职业劇作家、民俗學家、劇院經理
知名于爱尔兰文學复兴
配偶威廉·亨利·格雷戈里(1880年-1892年結婚)
儿女威廉·羅伯特·格雷戈里(William Robert Gregory)
亲属休·莱恩爵士(外甥)

格雷戈里夫人伊莎貝拉·奧古斯塔(Isabella Augusta, Lady Gregory;1852年3月15日-1932年5月22日)[1],原姓珀斯(Persse),是一名劇作家、民俗學家和劇院經理。她與葉芝爱德华·马丁一起創辦了爱尔兰文学剧院阿比剧院,並為兩所劇院創作了大量的劇本。此外,她也以愛爾蘭神話為本寫了不少小說。她是愛爾蘭文學復興中的重要人物,該運動中的許多人物都曾到她家聚會。

生平[编辑]

她出生於愛爾蘭戈尔韦郡罗克斯伯勒(Roxborough)的鄉紳家庭,母親弗蘭西斯·巴里和是第一代吉勒莫爾子爵斯坦迪什·奧格拉迪(Standish O'Grady, 1st Viscount Guillamore)的親戚,母親家就在羅克斯伯勒有大量地產,但很大一部分在愛爾蘭內戰期間焚毀[2]。伊莎貝拉在家裡接受教育,受家其保姆瑪麗·謝立丹(Mary Sheridan)影響很大。[3]

1880年3月4日,她和比她大35歲的鰥夫威廉·亨利·格雷戈里爵士在都柏林的聖马提亚教堂(St Matthias' Church)結婚[4]。格雷戈里當時剛剛卸任英屬錫蘭總督,但也是一位很有文學修養的紳士。格雷戈里在倫敦有一所房子,夫婦二人大部分時間都在那裡度過,每週舉辦沙龍,遍邀文藝界名人。罗伯特·勃朗宁丁尼生約翰·艾佛雷特·米萊亨利·詹姆斯都曾是她家的座上賓。1881年,格雷戈里夫人誕下一子羅伯特。羅伯特在第一次世界大戰期間當上飛行員,最終戰死。葉芝後來據此事寫成《預見自己死亡的愛爾蘭飛行員》(An Irish Airman Foresees His Death)。[5][6]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Augusta, Lady Gregory. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2018-03-08 [2018-03-13]. (原始内容存档于2018-03-14). 
  2. ^ Foster 2003, p. 484.
  3. ^ Shrank & Demastes 1997, p. 108.
  4. ^ Coxhead 1961, p. 22.
  5. ^ "Representing the Great War: Texts and Contexts" 页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆, The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 8th edition, accessed 5 October 2007.
  6. ^ Kermode 1957, p. 31.

參考書目[编辑]

  • Coxhead, Elizabeth, Lady Gregory: a literary portrait, Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961 
  • DiBattista, Maria; McDiarmid, Lucy, High and Low Moderns: Literature and Culture, 1889–1939, New York: Oxford University Press, 1996 
  • Dick, Susan; Ellmann, Richard; Kiberd, Declan, Essays for Richard Ellmann: Omnium Gatherum, The Yearbook of English Studies (McGill-Queen's Press), 1992,, 22 Medieval Narrative Special Number 
  • Ellis, Samantha, The Playboy of the Western World, Dublin, 1907, The Guardian, 16 April 2003 [2020-02-17], (原始内容存档于2008-02-09) 
  • Emerson Rogers, Howard, Irish Myth and the Plot of Ulysses, ELH, December 1948, 15 (4): 306–327 
  • Foster, R. F, W. B. Yeats: A Life, Vol. II: The Arch-Poet 1915–1939, New York: Oxford University Press, 2003, ISBN 0-19-818465-4 
  • Frazier, Adrian, The double life of a lady, The Irish Times, 23 March 2002 
  • Garrigan Mattar, Sinéad, Primitivism, Science, and the Irish Revival, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-926895-9 
  • Genet, Jacqueline, The Big House in Ireland: Reality and Representation, Barnes & Noble, 1991 
  • Goldsmith, Oliver, The Works of Oliver Goldsmith, London: John Murray, 1854, OCLC 2180329 
  • Gonzalez, Alexander G, Modern Irish Writers: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook, Greenwood Press, 1997 
  • Gordon, Donald James, W. B. Yeats: images of a poet: my permanent or impermanent images, Manchester University Press ND, 1970 
  • Graham, Rigby. "Letter from Dublin", American Notes & Queries, Vol. 10, 1972 
  • Gregory, Augusta, Seventy years: being the autobiography of Lady Gregory, Macmillan, 1976 
  • Hennessy, Caroline, Lady Gregory: An Irish Life by Judith Hill, Raidió Teilifís Éireann, 30 Dec 2005 [2020-02-17], (原始内容存档于2009-04-06) 
  • Holmes, John, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and the Late Victorian Sonnet Sequence, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005 
  • Igoe, Vivien, A Literary Guide to Dublin, Methuen, 1994, ISBN 0-413-69120-9 
  • Kavanagh, Peter, The Story of the Abbey Theatre: From Its Origins in 1899 to the Present, New York: Devin-Adair, 1950 
  • Kermode, Frank, Romantic Image, New York: Vintage Books, 1957 
  • Kirkpatrick, Kathryn, Border Crossings: Irish Women Writers and National Identities, Tuscaloosa: University Of Alabama Press, 2000 
  • Komesu, Okifumi; Sekine, Masuru, Irish Writers and Politics, Rowman & Littlefield, 1990, ISBN 0-389-20926-0 
  • Love, Damian, Sailing to Ithaca: Remaking Yeats in Ulysses, The Cambridge Quarterly, 2007, 36 (1): 1–10 
  • McCormack, William, The Blackwell Companion to Modern Irish Culture, Oxford: Blackwell, 1999 
  • Murray, Christopher, Introduction to the abbeyonehundred Special Lecture Series (PDF), www.abbeytheatre.ie, (原始内容 (PDF)存档于7 March 2008) 
  • Owens, Cóilín; Radner, Joan Newlon, Irish Drama, 1900–1980, CUA Press, 1990 
  • Pethica, James, Lady Gregory's Diaries 1892–1902, Colin Smythe, 1995, ISBN 0-86140-306-1 
  • Pethica, James L., Gregory, (Isabella) Augusta, Lady Gregory (1852–1932), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press), 2004 [2020-02-17], (原始内容存档于2019-09-11) 
  • Ryan, Philip B, The Lost Theatres of Dublin, The Badger Press, 1998, ISBN 0-9526076-1-1 
  • Shrank, Bernice; Demastes, William, Irish playwrights, 1880–1995, Westport: Greenwood Press, 1997 
  • Tuohy, Frank, Yeats, London: Herbert, 1991 
  • Yeats, William Butler, Writings on Irish Folklore, Legend and Myth, Penguin Classics, 2002 [1993], ISBN 0-14-018001-X 
  • Yeats, William Butler, Kelly, John; Schuchard, Richard, 编, The collected letters of W. B. Yeats, Oxford University Press, 2005 
  • Brief History of Coole Park, Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, [6 April 2013], (原始内容存档于15 April 2013) 
  • Representing the Great War: Texts and Contexts 8th, The Norton Anthology of English Literature, [2020-02-17], (原始内容存档于2019-05-15) 

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