牛津大学奥里尔学院

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Oriel College
East range of the First Quad
拉丁文名称Collegium Orielense
全称The Provost and Scholars of the House of the Blessed Mary the Virgin in Oxford, commonly called Oriel College, of the Foundation of Edward the Second of famous memory, sometime King of England
名称来源聖母瑪麗
建立日期1324
院长Moira Wallace
本科生301[1] (2011/2012)
研究生158
姐妹学院劍橋大學克萊爾學院
都柏林三一學院
网站Homepage
赛艇队Boatclub
Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
纹章说明Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or within a bordure engrailed argent.

奧利爾學院(Oriel College)[2]牛津大學下的一個學院,位於牛津奧利爾廣場。該學院歷史可追溯至1320年代,自稱是牛津最古老的皇家機構,為了顯示其皇家地位,又稱國王學院(King's College、King's Hall)。[3]

愛德華二世在1320年代提供贊助,由其廷臣亞當·德·布魯姆為該學院奠基,當時稱牛津聖母瑪麗學堂(House or Hall of the Blessed Mary at Oxford)。[4] 該學院在16世紀之前只接受非本科生做成員,之後才開始接納本科生入學。[5] 英格蘭內戰期間,奧利爾學院是牛津議會(Oxford Parliament)駐地。[6]

該學院有四座中世紀建築構成,即Bedel Hal、St Mary Hall、St Martin Hall和Tackley's Inn。其中Tackley's Inn是該學院最古老的地產,也是牛津最古老的中世紀建築之一。[7] 該學院現有大約40名成員、300名本科生和160名研究生,男女人數基本持平。[5]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Undergraduate numbers by college 2011-12. University of Oxford. [2015-04-16]. (原始内容存档于2012-12-02). 
  2. ^ Oxford University Calendar 2005–2006 (2005) p.323 has the corporate designation as "The Provost and Scholars of the House of the Blessed Mary the Virgin in Oxford, commonly called Oriel College, of the Foundation of Edward the Second of famous memory, sometime King of England", p324 has people — Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-928370-2.
  3. ^ Watt, D. E. (editor), Oriel College, Oxford (Trinity term, 1953) — Oxford University Archaeological Society, uses material collected by C. R. Jones, R. J. Brenato, D. K. Garnier, W. J. Frampton and N. Covington, under advice from W. A. Pantin, particularly in respect of the architecture and treasures (manuscripts, printed books and silver plate) sections. 16 page publication, produced in association with the Ashmolean Museum as part of a college guide series.
  4. ^ Rannie, David, Oriel College (1900) — published by F. E. Robinson & Co. London (Part of the University of Oxford College Histories series) pp.1, 5–10, 102, 105, 108–110, 241 and 235.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Oriel College Oxford, A short guide — published by Oriel College Development Trust on behalf of Oriel College, Oxford.
  6. ^ The Oxford Parliament. British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate 1638–60. [3 September 2006]. (原始内容存档于2008-10-02). 
  7. ^ Oriel College Memorandum 2003–4.

外部連結[编辑]